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Hainanese Chicken Rice 海南鸡饭

(Any) Hawker Centre


Photo Courtesy of  Wikipedia:

Hainanese chicken rice at Chatterbox, Meritus Mandarin Hotel, Singapore. At S$30 with tax and service, this is probably the most expensive chicken rice in the country!


Adapted from Wikipedia:

Hainanese chicken rice is a dish of Chinese origin most commonly associated with Hainanese cuisine, Malaysian cuisine and Singaporean cuisine, although it is also commonly sold in neighbouring Thailand. It is based on the well-known Hainanese dish called Wenchang chicken (文昌雞). So-called due to its roots in Hainan cuisine and its adoption by the Hainanese overseas Chinese population in the Nanyang area (present-day Southeast Asia), the version found in the Malaysia region combines elements of Hainanese and Cantonese cuisines along with culinary preferences in the Southeast Asian region.

The prevalence of stalls selling Hainanese chicken rice as their primary specialty in Singapore underscores the dish’s unrivalled popularity amongst Singaporeans and overseas visitors. Hainanese chicken rice is often considered as the “national dish” of Singapore, and is often served at international expositions and global events abroad, and in Singaporean-run restaurants overseas. Hainanese chicken rice is also one of the few local dishes served on Singapore Airlines flights.

In Singapore, Hainanese chicken rice is served at stalls and food courts. There are Hainanese chicken rice stalls that have established franchise or branch outlets, and these include Five Star Hainanese Chicken Rice, Boon Tong Kee, Loy Kee and others which have many outlets island wide. The price range is around S$2-4 (the latter if the dish includes a drumstick). Some stalls serve extras such as a hard boiled egg, chicken liver, firm tofu and kailan as side dishes, each dish usually costing around S$0.50 to S$1.50. Some may serve set meals which include these side dishes. Even canteen vendors in schools also sell chicken rice. However, this tends to be simpler in style, and comprises just sliced chicken with rice and soy sauce as a healthier choice.


2 Photos below courtesy of Steamy Chicken Recipes:

A typical Hawker Centre in Singapore

A typical Chicken Rice Stall

(A  plate of chicken rice costs $2.50-$3 Singapore Dollars @ Hawker Centres, $4-$5 @ Food Courts)


Personally, there’s not much difference between the more popular stand-alone chicken rice franchises and the common chicken rice stalls found at hawker centres. They all taste pretty good.

In fact, I would prefer having them at hawker centres. Much easier to request for more soup and vegetables (cucumbers and bean sprouts served together with the chicken soaked in the fragrant though oily gravy-broth). And it’s  more value-for-money.

There are also stalls selling a variation of the commonly found Hainanese Chicken Rice. Well, they sell Hainanese Chicken Porridge.


Here’s a history of Hainanese Chicken Rice in Singapore in Mandarin:


If you’re interested in whipping up your very own chicken rice meal, recipe courtesy of Steamy Chicken Recipes:

Hainanese Chicken Rice Recipe

Servings: 6 Prep Time: Cook Time:

While your chicken is cooking, it helps to prepare the ingredients for your chili sauce and rice. Both of these are usually assembled after the chicken is done because they require the chicken broth, but you can get started washing and soaking the rice, chopping the garlic and ginger before then. In this recipe, all of the poaching broth is reserved — some is used in the rice, a small amount is used in the chili sauce, and the remainder is saved to be heated and served as a simple soup to accompany the chicken.


1 whole chicken (3.5 lbs, 1.8kg), preferably organic
kosher salt
4” section of fresh ginger, in 1/4” slices
2 stalks green onions, cut into 1″ sections (both the green and white parts)
1 teaspoon sesame oil

2 tablespoon chicken fat or 2 tbsp vegetable oil
3 cloves garlic, finely minced
1” section of ginger, finely minced
2 cups long-grain uncooked rice, washed and soaked in cool water for 10 min or longer
2 cups reserved chicken poaching broth
1/2 teaspoon sesame oil
1 teaspoon kosher salt

1 tablespoon lime juice
2 tablespoon reserved chicken poaching broth
2 teaspoon sugar
4 tablespoon sriracha chili sauce
4 cloves garlic
1” ginger
a generous pinch of salt, to taste

1/4 cup dark soy sauce
Few sprigs cilantro
1 cucumber, thinly sliced or cut into bite-sized chunks


1. To clean the chicken, with a small handful of kosher salt, rub the chicken all over, getting rid of any loose skin and dirt. Rinse chicken well, inside and outside. Season generously with salt inside and outside. Stuff the chicken with the ginger slices and the green onion. Place the chicken in a large stockpot and fill with cold water to cover by 1 inch. Bring the pot to a boil over high heat, then immediately turn the heat to low to keep a simmer. Cook for about 30 minutes more (less if you’re using a smaller chicken). Check for doneness by sticking a chopstick into the flesh under the leg and see if the juices run clear or insert a thermometer into the thickest part of the thigh not touching bone. It should read 170F.

2. When the chicken is cooked through, turn off the heat and remove the pot from the burner. Immediately lift and transfer the chicken into a bath of ice water to cool and discard the ginger and green onion. Don’t forget to reserve the poaching broth for your rice, your sauce, and the accompanying soup. The quick cooling will stop the cooking process, keeping the meat soft and tender, and giving the skin a lovely firm texture.

3. To cook the rice: Drain the rice. In a wok or sauce pan (use a medium sauce pan if you plan on cooking the rice on the stove top), heat 2 tablespoons of cooking oil over medium-high heat. When hot, add the ginger and the garlic and fry until your kitchen smells like heaven. Be careful not to burn the aromatics! Add in your drained rice and stir to coat, cook for 2 minutes. Add the sesame oil, mix well.

To make the rice on the stove: In the same sauce pan, add 2 cups of your reserved poaching broth, add salt and bring to a boil. Immediately turn the heat down to low, cover the pot and cook for 15 minutes. Remove from heat and let sit (with lid still on) for 5-10 minutes more.

To cook rice in a rice cooker: Pour aromatics and rice (after frying) into your rice cooker, add 2 1/2 cups of your reserved poaching broth and salt. Follow the instructions for your model (usually this will just mean “turn it on!”)

4. While your rice is cooking, remove the chicken from the ice bath and rub the outside of the chicken with the sesame oil. Carve the chicken for serving.

5. To make the chili sauce: Blend your chili sauce ingredients in a blender until smooth and bright red.

6. To make the soup: You should have six or seven cups of the reserved poaching broth left over to serve as soup. Just before serving, heat up the soup, taste and season with salt as necessary.

Serve the chicken rice with chili sauce, dark soy sauce, cucumber slices, and a bowl of hot broth garnished with cilantro or scallions

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Dome of Light 光之穹頂 빛의돔

Formosa Boulevard MRT Station, Kaohsiung



Adapted from Taiwan Tourism Bureau:

Situated at the Kaohsiung MRT transfer station for the Red Line and Orange Line (Formosa Boulevard Station), the Dome of Light was created by renowned artist Narcissus Quagliata. The dome is the world’s largest public art installation made from individual pieces of colored glass.

The dome tells the story of human life in four chronologically arranged themes: Water: The Womb of Life; Earth: Prosperity and Growth; Light: The Creative Spirit; and Fire: Destruction and Rebirth, with an overall message of love and tolerance.


Earth: Prosperity and Growth


Water: The Womb of Life


A tour of the art piece. unfortunately only in Mandarin…

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Japanese Sweets – Wagashi 和菓子

“Kawaii” Japanese Sweets

Courtesy of Mina Magazine



Courtesy of InfoMapJapan:

The origins of ‘wagashi‘ date back in time to when cakes and dumplings were made of rice, millet, other grains, nuts and fruit – all of which were the foundation of Japan’s dietary staples.

Namagashi‘, in its delicate forms, reflects the diversity of Japan’s four seasons. Stores display these particular ‘wagashi‘ a full month ahead of the seasonal event. For example, ‘Sakuramochi‘ celebrate Japan’s beloved April cherry blossoms and are available at the end of February. With eager anticipation, one can enjoy delicious ‘Sakura-mochi‘ and sense the coming of spring, all the while imagining lovely cherry trees full of delicate white blossoms. Only in Japanese culture can one discover sweets and confections that are wonderfully transcended into messengers of the upcoming seasons.

While some ‘wagashi‘ are made to enjoy the changing seasons, many are closely associated with calendar events relating to Japanese tradition, history and seasonal holidays.

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Venues for Singapore Biennale (新加坡双年展)

National Museum of Singapore


The subject of this photo was actually the Singapore 2011 Biennale banner.

Passed by the National Museum a couple of days ago and the banner was already removed.

( Are they going to put up the banner again? There’s still a month before the Biennale ends!)


Checked out the Singapore Biennale exhibits at the various venues; namely Old Kallang Airport, Singapore Art Museum, National Museum and Marina Bay (Merlion Hotel) .

Thought that the most intriguing art works were found in 8Q (part of the Singapore Art Museum) and of course, Old Kallang Airport, which has the largest exhibition space.


SAM at 8Q is located just across the street from Singapore Art Museum, along Queens Street. Basically it’s the direction towards Albert Court Food Center/ Bugis Village. A nice rustic atmosphere from a restored school building. And not to mention, there are lots of affordable good food down the street too! Bencoolen Food Center…Albert Court Food Center…are just 5-10 min walk away.

Spent some time in 8Q watching the videos featuring intensive interviews on the life of twins & a set of triplets. There’s a set of Canadian-Korean twins in their early 20s who gave an insight into their struggles with their ethnicity, the impact of Christianity in their lives and open disclosure of  their conflicting identities as twins as well as individuals. Go check out Factum (2010) by Candice Breitz.


Though Old Kallang Airport provides a huge exhibition space for the Singapore Biennale, it wasn’t comfortable to view the art works; 1) in the heat without air-conditioning, 2) dusty and stuffy environment, 3) lots of corners leading to stairways/washrooms which are in close proximity to the art works, as compared to the rest of the venues.

It’ll take half a day to view most/all the art works featured in Old Kallang Airport, thus it’s inevitable that you might need to grab a bite during the day. Unfortunately, you’ll need to take a 10min walk out to Kallang MRT station to take away some snacks from Old Chang Kee or drinks from Mr Bean.

Otherwise, the only choice that you have is to patronize Toast Box (I guess temporary franchised for the Singapore Biennale) for some toast to satisfy hunger pangs just for the moment and a caffeine perk-me-up.


However stuffy and dusty the interior might be, however dilapidated-looking the structure might be (looks like a converted warehouse), I have to admit that much effort was made to decorate the interior of Toast Box with items from the 1950s era when the airport was still operational. (Kallang Airport ceased its operations in 1955.)


Here’s a close-up of the framed photos of Old Kallang Airport.



For those interested in ‘Rediscovering the history of Old Kallang Airport’, a short 7 min clip.




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Dol Hareubang 돌 하르방

Jeju Island 제주도


Adapted from Wikipedia:

The name dol hareubang derives from the Korean word for “stone” (dol 돌) plus the Jeju dialect word hareubang (하르방) meaning “grandfather” or “senior” (harabeoji [할아버지] in Standard Korean) and was coined in the mid-20th century.



A series of 8 videos presenting a walk-through of Jeju’s Dol-hareubang Park!


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